What is a hip roof?
Also known as a "hipped roof," a hip roof is a roof where all its four sides slope downwards to the walls with a gentle slope. This slope is the reason why a hip roof house has no gables or vertical sides. A square hip roof is shaped like a pyramid, and hip roofs on houses usually have two triangular and two trapezoidal sides. A hip roof on a rectangular plan has four faces which are almost always at the same pitch or slope, which makes them symmetrical about the centerlines. Hip roofs often have dormer slanted sides and a gutter can be fitted all around. Like a gable roof, hip roofs are common here in America, and have different types and styles. Choosing one for your home depends on preference, the structure of your house, size and the materials used to cover it.
What are the different hip roof designs?
Hip roofs have five different styles that you can choose to use for your home. Here they are:
Simple Hip Roof: Most people prefer simplicity, which is why a simple hip roof is the most common hip roof design. They consist of a ridge over a portion of the roof which creates two polygon sides and two triangle sides of the roof.
Pyramid Hip Roof: This roof design is created through four equal triangular sides which meet at a singular point at the top of the roof which juts upward.
Cross Hipped Roof: This roofing design could be likened to the effect of bringing two hipped roof buildings together. The two roof sections meet at their respective ends, creating a seam which is referred to as the ‘valley’ or a cross hipped roof.
Half Hipped Roof: This roof style is a take on the standard hip roof design, but in this instance the two sides of the roof are shortened to create eaves.
Dutch Gable Hip Roof: This is a hybrid of a gable and hip roof design, in which a full-or partial-gable can be found at the end of a ridge in the roof, which allows for more internal roof space. It can also improve the aesthetic appeal of the roof, creating a design that is more interesting and less common.
What is the difference between a hip roof and a gable roof?
As we all know, no two things are the same, and this applies to hip and gable roofs, too. Here are their differences and pros and cons. As always, we'll start with the good news first.
Hip Roof Pros:
- Hip roofs are more stable than gable roofs because of the inward slope of all four sides.
- Hip roofs are excellent for both high wind and snowy areas.
- The slant of the roof allows snow to easily slide off with no standing water.
- Hip roofs can offer extra living space when a dormer crow’s nest is added to a hip roof.
- Hip roofs are more expensive to build than a gable roof.
- They require more building materials.
- If there are dormers built into the overall design of a hip roof, the additional seams and valleys can make it easier for potential water leaks.
Gable Roof Pros:
- Their simple design makes them easier to build and cheaper than more complex designs.
- They shed water and snow easily, provide more space for the attic and allow more ventilation.
- Can be problematic in high wind and hurricane-prone areas.
- If the frames are not properly constructed, the roof can collapse due to strong winds. High winds can also cause materials to peel away from gable roofs.
- If there is too much of an overhang, winds can create an uplift underneath and cause the roof to detach from the walls.
When weighing up all the pros and cons, it's important to get the help of a professional to help you with your roofing process. For tons of image ideas to get you inspired, visit homify and you'll find more than what you were looking for.
Which materials can I use for a hip roof?
Different kinds of material can be used to cover a hip roof, and here they are.
Roof Shingles: These are a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. These elements are typically flat, rectangular shapes laid in courses from the bottom edge of the roof up, with each successive course overlapping the joints below.
Metal: Metal is an environmentally friendly material that is durable and long lasting. Metal roofs can protect a building against the worst of weather, and they can even help to prevent ice from forming on the roof or around the eaves. Metal panels or tiles are often made from recycled materials, and when they do come to an end of their service life, they can be recycled again.
Slate Tiles: These are known as one of the highest quality, longest lasting roofing materials on the market. They also cost more and require a different installation method.
Roof Tiles: These are designed mainly to keep out rain, and are traditionally made from locally available materials such as terracotta or slate. Modern materials such as concrete and plastic are also used and some clay tiles have a waterproof glaze.
How much does a hip roof cost?
At the end of it all, getting the roof you want depends on your budget, the size and the number of hips and dormers in the design, as well as other factors. The following roof prices are based on a new installation.
Expect to pay $8 to $12 per square foot of roofing surface for framing. For an average-sized roof with 1,600 square feet of surface, you'll pay between $13,000 to $19,000. Framing materials will add $1 to $2 per square foot to the cost, or $1,500 to $3,000 for a 1,600 square foot roof.