The history of garages dates back to 450BC, but here in America, garage doors became a household staple at the beginning of the 20th century. Garage door designs haven't changed much since then, and their structure has remained the same. Today, garage doors are made from various materials and can be opened manually or electronically, Garage doors come in four basic types which are the swing out, swing up, roll up, or slide to the side variations.
A garage door is the entry and exit points of your garage, so you need to choose materials that are durable, weather resistant and look good as well. Here are the most popular garage door materials you can choose from.
Wood: Wood is an authentic material for garage doors. Wooden doors stand well against the elements, but need constant refurbishing. Wood doesn't last as long as other materials but is easy to customize and the doors range from middle-price to expensive. Wood composite achieves the same result as wood but weighs and costs less.
Steel: Steel is lower maintenance than wood, and the best garage steel doors are made from two layers of galvanized steel. Steel-prone to rust and dents, and to minimize risk to your garage door, choose 24 or 25 gauge steel doors, or ones with a fiberglass overlay to resist rust and dents.
Aluminium: Because aluminum is lightweight, it is the best material for garage doors. Newer versions of aluminium doors are sturdier, and the laminated panels are dent-resistant. Aluminum is more expensive if you choose doors with heavy-duty frames, but cheaper options with panels made of other materials are available.
Fiberglass: Fiberglass can mimic any material because it's malleable. You can choose one which has the warmth and beauty of wood, or keep its transparent nature to let in light. They're affordably customizable and great for coastal areas. On the downside, fiberglass can yellow and break over time, especially in cold environments.
Vinyl: This type of garage door is hard to dent or break. Vinyl doors are similar to fiberglass in their construction, but are more durable and only require an occasional hose-down The only downside to vinyl doors is that they come in fewer colors and designs.
Both single and double garages have different standard dimensions. Standard single garage doors have measurements of 10 x 7 feet, 9 x 7 feet and 8 x 7 feet all around. As Double gaeage door sizes have measurements of 16 x 7 feet, 14 x 7 feet and 12 x 7 feet.
The overall cost of a garage door depends on the materials used. A standard garage door will cost anywhere from $2,000 for a single door to $4,000 for two or more doors, and the price will increase depending on the materials you choose. The total price of your door should include the new tracks for the door to move, as well as adhesives, connectors and fasteners. Before trying to install your garage door, consult your garage door retailer and choose one that can be moved safely.
You can save costs by installing your garage door yourself. Here's how to install your garage door.
Step 1: Measure, attach hinges and handles.
Measure the areas where the door will be installed, door-opening height and width, headroom and backroom. Have about 10
to 12 of space from the headroom, depending on the spring system you're installing. For the back room, have the door height, plus 18’ of space. With proper measurements, temporarily attach stops to both sides of the opening and make sure they are flush with the inside edge of the door jamb. Using the sawhorses, lay out the bottom piece of the new door, and attach weather stripping, Additionally, attach any hinges and lift handles to the piece.
Step 2: Set bottom piece into position.
Insert the bottom piece into the door frame, and use a level to set the piece. Once in place, tap nails partway into each jamb. Slant or bend the nails to secure them in place. Use the manufacturer's instructions to assemble the vertical, curved and horizontal pieces of the track and set aside.
Step 3: Install remaining panels.
Install the second panel on top of the first one, hammering nails into the side jambs to hold it place. Install the hinges and repeat the process for however many panels are necessary. You will need to anchor each piece into the door jamb.
Step 4: Install the rollers.
Once all the sections are secured, install the rollers in the section's roller supports. With these in place, place the rollers in the assembled track, securing the track's brackets as you go along. Be careful not to have the rollers pressed too tightly against the track because friction can cause damage to the door.
Step 5: Secure the tracks and attach the springs.
With the vertical tracks secured against the jambs, install the curved and horizontal pieces. When installing the horizontal pieces, use your previous measurements and level to make sure the tracks are straight and that they are pointing away from the opening at 90 degrees, When tracks are secured, assemble the springs according to the manufacturer's instructions. With the help of a partner, lift the door to about half length to make sure the tracks are level and parallel. Once you're all set, lift the door the remaining distance and attach the springs to the pulley system.
Always get help from a professional before you start, and browse through homify's images for a good dose of inspiration.